Chilli peppers originated in Mexico.
After the Columbian Exchange (also known as the Columbian interchange, named for Christopher Columbus, was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, diseases, and ideas between the Americas, West Africa, and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries.), many cultivars of chilli pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine.
Chilli with Kakronda, eaten in Uttar Pradesh
Cultivars grown in North America and Europe are believed to all derive from Capsicum annuum, and have white, yellow, red or purple to black fruits.
The colour is the shade of red used in the flags of Chile and South Africa.
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